老澳门六合彩

Rio de Janeiro declares a dengue health emergency days ahead of Carnival

As millions of carnival revelers prepare to gather in Brazil鈥檚 cultural capital, authorities are rallying to combat an explosion of mosquito-borne dengue fever in the city鈥檚 favelas. (Feb. 7) (AP video by Mario Lobao and Lucas Dumphreys)

Share

RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) 鈥 Rio de Janeiro on Monday has declared a public health emergency because of an outbreak of mosquito-borne dengue fever, the city announced Monday, just days before Carnival celebrations kick off across Brazil.

The outbreak wasn鈥檛 expected to derail Carnival, which officially starts Friday evening and runs until Feb. 14, but it has prompted a slew of special measures by the city in hopes of containing the illness.

Rio city hall announced the opening of 10 care centers, the creation of an emergency operations center and the allocation of hospital beds for dengue patients. Authorities also will use 鈥渟moke cars鈥 in regions with the highest incidence of cases, diffusing an insecticide in the air.

Since the beginning of 2024, the municipality has registered more than 10,000 dengue cases. That is just under half of the total cases 鈥 23,000 鈥 recorded throughout all of 2023.

The announcement comes as tourists and revelers are pouring into Rio to take part in street parties and attend the samba schools鈥 flamboyant parades.

Among Rio state鈥檚 operational plans for Carnival, presented by Gov. Cl谩udio Castro on Monday, is the 鈥淎gainst Dengue Every Day鈥 campaign. That will entail the distribution of repellents, stickers, bandanas and hats with warnings about the disease to audiences at the Sambadrome, where a 15-second notice about the fight against the infection also will be shown.

Dengue is a viral infection transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes and is more common in tropical climates. Frequent rains and high temperatures, which accelerate the hatching of mosquito eggs and the development of larvae, make the famously hot city of Rio susceptible to dengue outbreaks.

But the problem is national. The explosion of dengue cases across Brazil has caused at least four states 鈥 Acre, Minas Gerais and Goias, in addition to the Federal District 鈥 to declare public health emergencies.

On Monday, the Brazilian air force set up a 60-bed field hospital in the Federal District in Ceilandia that was due to begin treating patients.

鈥淥ur objective is to relieve emergency care units in the region, given that today the Federal District accounts for around 20% of dengue cases in the country,鈥 air force commander Lt. Brig. Marcelo Kanitz Damascene said in a statement.

Most people who get dengue don鈥檛 develop symptoms, but if they do these can include high fever, headache, body aches, nausea and a rash, according to the 老澳门六合彩 Health Organization. While most get better after a week or so, some develop a severe form and require hospitalization. In such cases, dengue can be fatal.

Climate change, which leads to increased temperatures and high rainfall, is associated with a higher risk of dengue, WHO said in December.

Rio Mayor Eduardo Paes urged 鈥渃ariocas鈥 鈥 as the residents of Rio are known 鈥 to eliminate sources of still water, used by mosquitoes as breeding grounds.

鈥淯nlike the COVID-19 pandemic, in which individual citizens couldn鈥檛 do much more than demand that governments get the vaccine, in the case of dengue much depends on the action of each citizen,鈥 Paes said.

Brazil approved a vaccine against dengue in March of 2023. More than 3 million people were due to receive a jab in 2024.

鈥-

This story was first published on February 7, 2024. It was updated on March 28, 2024 to remove a claim by the Brazilian health ministry that it was the first to offer a dengue vaccine through its public health system. The Philippines was the first country to do so, in 2016.